of speech, language and auditory perceptual
child is amazing. They first start communicating
with smiles and gurgles. By the age of 2 years they
can speak in short 2-4 word sentences. But some
children do not make this “magical leap”.
article aims to make you aware of causes of language
delays. 10% of children have language delays. Delays
are more common in boys than girls.
BIOLOGICAL FACTORS (physical factors)
Hearing impairment- some
children are born “deaf” ; others suffer
frequent middle ear infections and do not hear
speech in a clear and consistent manner.
Children who suffered from
trauma to the head eg: in a car accident, may
lose the language they already had.
Children who have a serious
bout of meningitis, encephalitis etc may have
lost their hearing and require close monitoring.
Physical defects like cleft
palette cause speech sounds to be affected.
Cognitive disorders like
mental retardation make language acquisition
Genetic history -dyslexia may
run in some families.
Premature babies are at risk
of developing language delays.
Dyslexic and autistic
children have language delays as do children
with some syndromes eg: Down’s syndrome.
FACTORS (no physical issues)
Your child may be
concentrating on learning some other skill eg;
walking rather than talking.
The child has a twin or
sibling close in age and receives less
The child may lack
opportunities to speak, if others (siblings) do
it for him/her.
The child may be in the care
of someone who speaks a different language.
The child may be exposed to
several languages, without building a firm
foundation in a 1st language.
Lack of expectation by
parents or very little language stimulation.
Children who are frequently
hospitalized miss out on language opportunities.
child has any of the above risk factors, speak to a
Speech and Language Professional.
Speech Therapist &
Audiologist 083 447